Lorna Sage’s Bad Blood as Autobiography

I have read several books and I tend to prefer books about women or whose author is woman than other kinds of book. Bad blood is another woman autobiography which I have just read and I like it. The way the story was told in autobiography is interesting because it is real; there are photos in the book and it was so real that Lorna knew her family history from grandpa’s diary, a text which genuinely was written by grandpa, for purpose that I do not know. We also could know some histories in another place from biography, the writer is the author, and we can both know her /his activity and mind. I as the narrator am first person.

Lorna Sage

What unique about it for me is the central of the story is not Lorna. It is a chapter in Sage’s life about his grandfather and has something to do with her. I reckon that Lorna felt a strong bond between her and her grandpa because she resembled grandpa’s bad sides. On the other side, grandpa is the one who implanted her to like reading. This situation was represented by Lorna’s name which was chosen from blacked-out book by her grandpa.

Grandpa died when Lorna was nine. It such a short time but Lorna seemed so close with him. Her description about grandpa showed two sides. She named his mistakes in having another lover as original sin and called him “the old devil” (Sage, 2000:79), meanwhile she adored his good side in chapter six when grandpa died because of strokes.

I clearly see various marriage lives in Sage in different era. In a range of grandpa and grandma, Valma and her husband, Lorna and Victor. They all have different kind of family problem. Furthermore, the marriage life has relation with the women and children role in this story. Valma and Lorna as mother and daughter have different character. Lorna was a rebel and Valma was a kind of nice housewife; they have different kind of attitude and idea in handling problems. On the other hand, they have similarity; they both “the children of violenlty unhappy marriages” (Sage, 2000:127)

The conflicts in Sage family played the whole story. There are secrets everywhere. There seemed a continuous bitterness from grandpa’s era to Lorna’s era until Sharon was born and she broke the family pattern. I really like the final part when Lorna said, “it’s a good idea to settle for a few loose ends, because even if everything in your life is connected to everything else, that way madness lies”` (2000:281). I agree with her statement that sometime unfinished things, loose ends, and bad decisions make a good story.


Sexuality in Three Short Stories

Another three similar short stories for another week, sexuality or ‘kebirahian’ in Bahasa Indonesia, appears in the surface of each story. ‘Enough Rope’ by Poppy Z Brite is a story about a girl who described herself as “a gay man that happens to have been born in a female body, and that’s the perspective I’m coming from.” (Brite, 1998:18). This statement was told as ‘I’ is an adult writer, but she already noticed her dsyphoria since she was five, according to Brite (1998:17), “and the shock recognition that ran through me at the sight”, then at seven she dreamt about having a dick. It is such an early age for people who realize he/she don’t fit in their own body.  Becoming a man is important for ‘I’ because of the feeling that she never felt like a woman. In Enough Rope, ‘I’ was the narrator and the main character.

Ethereal Lovers described the relation between two characters in Graham Joyce’s ‘Pinkland’, which is Sammy and Nat. The story is told by the third person (omniscient).  There are parentheses to differentiate the conversation on the Net with the conversation in the real world. The characterization in this story slightly puzzling, Joyce described Sammy as a girl by the way she dressed, “Favouring a feminine, clinging satin skirt and wearing a nimbus of flowery perfume” (1997:31). In the other hand she used ‘he’ and ‘his’ for Sammy’s preposition in the end, “Sammy got up from his seat. He tried to offer a handshake”. (Joyce, 1997:43). Joyce characterised Nat in the same way. “The two had been ethereal lovers for almost six months before Nat admitted to Sammy she was a woman” (1997:28) this statement gave an idea that Nat is a woman in the real world who pretends to be a man in cyber. A different kind of Nat appeared in the end of story. When they both finally met, Sammy found out that Nat was a transvestite which shocked him very well.

X: A Fabulous Child’s Story by Lois Gould seems interesting because the idea of the story is not a judgment. It gives a different perspective about having a child and not to decide it is a girl or a boy. The plots flow smoothly following the growth of the child and happen naturally. There are always answers for every question which pop up within.

All of the short stories give different point of view of sexuality. They show what is usually not normal in society, that a man should like a woman and to do otherwise. Then what the impacts for them.

Madness in three short stories

Wrath becomes a major issue in these three stories. The main characters are all women of different ages. As we can see in ‘When I am Bad’, ‘I’ is a 10-years-old girl who suffered from some kind of mental disorder and used present tense in the way she told the story. In ‘Down the Clinical Disco’ by Fay Weldon the narrator is an adult and Linda is the naratee. ‘A Rose for Emily’ by William Faulkner is a story of Miss Emily Grierson which is told by third-person point of view.

Those women experienced different kind of anger. In the first story, the child sometimes became so bad and got bad attitudes. She is the one, who caused the resentment in the family, and as result her parents got angry too. So she is the cause and the receiver of the wrath. It was hard for her to control the anger within because of the sickness she had. We also hard to decide when she was angry and when she was fine because of all her deeds were happened unexpectedly. The father was an ill tempered, he often hit his wife and ‘I’ to wreak the anger. The family pretended to act normal so other people couldn’t notice the madness within.

Because of the affair between the mother and the husband in ‘Down the Clinical Disco’, the main character in this story became mad and did arson to show her bad feeling. The discourse in this story uses past tense. Supposedly, she already out of the Broadmoor with Eddie in some place and told the story to Linda. The madness of this woman caused by other people’s action and diverges from the former story. ‘I’ was fine until she had crummy times at work and home then she blew top. Impulse is a word that she gave to describe what she had done. We can see difference in the way the character had deal with their emotion. Instead of lying, ‘I’ in this story admitted that the arson was her mistake and not an accident. Therefore, she pleaded insane to avoid the Holloway as her barrister suggested.

It hardly to see what Emily did and felt in ‘A Rose for Emily’ because of her rarely action and words throughout the story. The depression began at the time her father died and she was left by Homer Barron. As the consequences, Emily refused to pay the tax; she put her father corpse in the house that made stink until committee persuaded her to bury him. In the end, we figure out that she also set Homer dead body within her house.

These stories show different kinds of human behaviour from negative sides. All the main characters have a deal with their unusual attitude, perhaps people call it madness. They equally effect bad things to other people surround them because of their ill mannered.

Inside and Outside Bodies: Daughter of the House by Michele Roberts

Here is another analysis by me and Faizal Anwar. We discussed about one of Michele Roberts’s work which is Daughter of the House.

Daughters of the House

We looked up at Oxford Dictionaries and found three meanings of body that describe our perception about body related to Therese and Leonie in ‘Daughter of the House’. First, body as a noun means the physical structure, including the bones, flesh, and organs of a person or an animal. Second, (the body of) body means the main or central part of something, especially a building or text. Third, [mass noun] body means the physical and mortal aspect of a person as opposed to the soul or spirit. In our opinion, these meanings have something to do with both daughters and their relation to each other also to the house.

Physically, there are many kind of women body and it is different from men; the kinds of shape, the sexuality organs, and the phases of the body changing. There are also many parts of women’s body becomes a benefit as their shield or attractive devices which were explained in ‘Daughter of the House’. In Leonie’s case her body is the physical structure; she wants to show her body identity from what other people can see.

Meanwhile, Therese’s body related to her soul, perhaps it is matter because Therese only wants to show her purity through the body in serving for God. The third meaning of body said that it opposed to the soul or spirit, but Therese’s body is her soul.

Both daughters as two different woman and have their own bodies is a single body within the house. They are the body of the house and the body of the text because they are the central part of the story and each thing which was described in every chapter has something to do with them. However, ‘The Words’ becomes the title of last chapter, whereas, the other titles of the chapter are inanimate objects. Word is Logos in Greek which also relates to reason, idea, ratio and those seem to be men’s body (means that words are their authority), meanwhile body as the physical and the soul are belong to women. By means of the using of ‘The Words’ as the last chapter, the women of this story take control of men’s body. They also have the authority of word and speaking.

We saw Therese’s body and Leonie’s body complete each other as the body and the soul. It becomes a complete unity. Perhaps this is why they see their reflection in each other.

Bad Blood by Lorna Sage

Bad Blood

These are responses from me and Iffah Adilah about Sage’s Bad Blood:

  •  How the grandfather’s diaries function as memory works in Bad Blood? [structure]

We knew that Sage used her grandfather’s diaries as the main source of this autobiography since the end of third chapter in part one. After she revealed the diaries, the story started telling grandpa’s secrets, including his sins. Sage brought up the memories by retelling what she read from the diaries. So the memory became vague because her grandpa’s life came into the part of her memory.

  •  What badblood refers to and what it signifies? [symbol]

In our opinion, badblood refers to the Grandpa because Grandpa had many affairs with other women during his lifetime which were called ‘sin’ by Sage. On the other hand, Sage also inherited the badblood because she “had acquired from Grandpa (badblood!) vanity, ambition and discontent along with literacy.” (Sage 2000:130). Blood is an inseparable thing from humankind and it shows the flow within self. As a reverend, Grandpa had done many bad things which shouldn’t be done by him. That is why badblood means howler and he bequathed it to his grandchild and not to his own daughter; because Sage was the only one in that family who had strong bond with him.

  • What ways badblood as the autobiography of Lorna Sage also writes the lives of others? [content]

Sage told her life in narrative which describes the situation of Hanmer at that time. in telling her own life, Sage put the interaction with other people in sufficient detail by telling the names, the places, and the condition. For example, in the beginning Lorna Sage told about her childhood in Hanmer. At this time, she couldn’t avoid to tell about the old Hanmer including the place and society. In the next passage she also couldn’t avoid to tell his grandpa’s lifetime as the autobiography itself consits part of it.

Program KKN UNPAD 2013 – bagian Majalengka – waktu Candrajaya

Kenangan di Desa Candrajaya

berbagi kisah bulan pertama di 2013.

Yap yap, saya termasuk yang ‘normal’ di angkatan 2009 karena menjalani KKN di waktu yang sesuai program, yaitu di semester 7. Akibatnya saya KKN bersama angkatan 2010 dan hanya segelintir angkatan 2009 yang ikut (karena hampir semuanya sudah KKN di semester 5, 2012).

KKN itu apa? Program kampus untuk seluruh mahasiswanya, yaah yang dalam pendapat saya sih tidak jelas tujuannya. Katanya untuk mengerti kinerja masyarakat, untuk membantu masyarakat, untuk menerapkan ilmu kuliah di lingkungan, dan sebagainya. Hah, yang benar saja… wong umur sudah 22 (saat tulisan ini diunggah) saja saya belum bisa apa-apa. Toh tujuan itu seolah makin mengagungkan gelar ‘maha’ siswa yang saya sandang. Berat ah bebannya…

Wiih, benar looh opini saya terbukti… Karena yaah memang 1 bulan masa KKN yang saya jalani itu hanya berisi santai-santai saja di rumah sewaan. Sebenarnya ini juga didukung dengan kesantaian teman-teman serumah serta kepala kelompok saya sih, dan itu menyenangkan 🙂 Dalam 1bulan saja, wisata jalan-jalan kelompok saya yang berlokasi di Desa Candrajaya, Majalengka hanya sekali, yaitu mengunjungi sebuah curug di… (lupa lokasinya). Interaksi kami dengan masyarakat juga terbilang minim, bila dibandingkan dengan kelompok lainnya, karena hanya mengajar di SD beberapa kali, berkunjung ke balai desa tidak rutin, dan mengikuti beberapa acara keagaman. Click here for more

Jadwal Career Workshop

call for GEMASIAN !
kembali lagi, setelah program serupa terjadi di CROSSING 2012, Career Workshop yang akan menjadi pencerahan bagi kegelapan dunia kerja.

Gemasi Unpad

Gemasi’s Second Annual


25 Mei 2013 


Sesi I: 09.00-10.30

Being Employed and Self-Employed in Advertising, Public Relations and the Creative Industry


1. Fabian Riza Kurnia (88/Self-Employed/Owner Intra-Qualita)

2. Hairil Saleh (90/Filmmaker)

3. Indah Lestari (99/Self-Employed Freelance Writer/Translator)

4. Adyasa P. Devindra (06/Copywriter)

5. Ana Maratu Al Solihah (08/Public Relations Officer)


Sesi II: 10.30-12.00

Writing Applications, Building CVs, Comunicating with Future Employers, and Getting through Interviews

(Peserta dianjurkan membawa komputer sendiri.)


1. Rasus Budhyono (90)

2. Indah Lestari (99)

3. Randy Ridwansyah (04)

4. Adyasa P. Devindra (06)

5. Iffah Adilah (09)


Sesi III: 13.30-15.00

English Graduates in Management, Administration, and Tourism


1. Ridwan Heriyadi (88/General Manager at Angsana Lang Co, Vietnam)

2. Suhendro Nurhalim (97/Supply Manager at PT ASABA)

3. Triasterina Lastanti (99/Editorial Secretary at Bloomberg Businessweek Indonesia)

4. Dyah Chandra Apriastuti Heryati Putri (07/Purchasing Unit Head at PT Dharma Poliplast)


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11 Books You Should Read If You’re A Woman In Your 20s

I have read… none. and I (still) call myself a student of english literature. In addition, yes I have vagina and boobs, practically am a woman and 22 this May. #silent

Thought Catalog

According to Love Twenty, women in their twenties are supposed to read diet books and novels about shopping. I disagree. Here are my suggestions for novels you should read if you’re a woman in your twenties.

1. The Awakening by Kate Chopin (1899)

This classic novel about female sexuality and personal exploration during the turn of the century is one of the first novels to explore casual sex on the part of a woman — a married woman. But it’s not all about sex. It’s about a woman as a person, not a gender. What does it mean to make oneself happy? What must one sacrifice to be independent? Is it considered selfish to go after what one wants? How can desires be reconciled with social norms? The list of woman-centric existential questions The Awakening explores goes on.

2. Daughters of the North/ The Carhullan Army by Sarah Hall…

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Mei 98, Kelahiran Kembali Kebanggaan Bangsa

#12Mei98 15 tahun reformasi Negeri ini… Ya… Mahasiswa

mind over matter

pic courtesy of @uberfunk

Bulan Mei adalah bulan yang memiliki makna istimewa, terkait dengan kata “awakening“. Di bulan ini tanggal 20 ditetapkan sebagai Hari Kebangkitan Nasional. Bagi umat Buddhist bulan Mei adalah bulan Vesākha, yang memperingati “pencerahan” Buddha Gotama. Pencerahan di sini amat dekat maknanya dengan kata “bangun”, “kebangkitan” -bangunnya Ia dari “mimpi” untuk dapat “terjaga” melihat kenyataan.

Untuk saksi sejarah, bulan Mei tahun 1998 memiliki makna yang amat spesial. Dalam satu bulan, kita menyaksikan serentetan peristiwa yang mengubah negeri ini, untuk selama-lamanya. Peristiwa yang dimulai dari demonstrasi besar-besaran mahasiswa di Jakarta dan daerah-daerah, kemudian kerusuhan massal yang menimbulkan korban tewas dan perkosaan wanita, diakhiri dengan lengsernya Soeharto, presiden diktator yang sebelumnya tak tersentuh selama 32 tahun kekuasaannya di negeri ini.

Sekilas tentang apa yang terjadi di Mei 98. Krisis finansial terbesar dalam sejarah menghantam Asia termasuk Indonesia di pertengahan tahun 1997. Pondasi ekonomi yang lemah membuat Indonesia yang…

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6 Movies For When You’re Young And Confused And Facing Change

okay… let’s find the movies, watch, and learn.

Thought Catalog

If you’re a twenty-something or anybody else who’s going through some major life changes, the following films should really resonate with you. Some do so on quite serious level; others are anything but serious. All the movies on this list, though, poignantly reflect on what it means to be young and confused in the face of epic life changes. Whatever your taste may be hopefully there’s something here for you.

For the sentimentalist: Almost Famous

Cameron Crowe’s semi-autobiographical film about his teenage years touring with various rock bands tugs at the emotional heartstrings. It’s impossible not to like 15-year-old William Miller as he follows his favorite band across America. I would watch this during my first year of college and totally relate to William – falling in love for the first time, feeling like you’re in way over your head in every way possible. He gets his cherry popped literally…

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Kenapa Katanya Alumni ITB Sombong?


Di lingkungan profesional, terdapat paradigma yang mengatakan bahwa tiap universitas memiliki karakteristik lulusan tersendiri. Alumni ITB memang banyak dikenal memiliki sifat yang kaku, sombong, dan sulit bergaul. Berikut adalah tulisan yang saya ambil dari http://thriea.blogspot.com/2012/01/kata-mereka-tentang-itb.html?m=1 yang saat ini sedang heboh dibicarakan di dunia maya. Tulisan tersebut dibuat oleh seorang headhunter bernama Satrio Madigondo yang pekerjaannya adalah menyeleksi dan mewawancarai calon pegawai diperusahaan miliknya. Saya coba tampilkan tulisannya buat yang malas membuka link di atas, seperti ini tulisan beliau :

Tulisan ini merupakan hasil observasi sebagai Rekruiter selama 4 tahun terakhir. Mohon jangan digeneralisasi. Kalau ada yang tersinggung, mohon maaf ya!

Adalah sebuah rahasia umum di mana terdapat berbagai tipe pekerja berdasarkan tempat belajarnya. Anak UGM dikenal lugu, tidak neko-neko, dan rendah hati. Anak UI dikenal fleksibel dan cepat belajar. Anak ITB dikenal sebagai ‘pemikir makro’, besar omong, dan kaku luar biasa. Apakah stereotipe ini benar adanya? Saya tidak berani…

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#EngPic #EngGame: “Friends” Series Quotes

FRIENDS forever !!!


Helluww fellas! How you doin’? Anyone know where that question phrase comes from? Hope you had a good Tuesday!

Oops, what I meant is what show usually use that question phrase hehe but you’re right @piintut it’s from “how are you doing?”

Yap it is from the -> @natweetalie: ‘Friends’ Series. 😀 Anyone familiar with the series?

So this evening admin will share some #EngPic#EngGame on quotes from ‘Friends’ 🙂 Are you all ready for it?

Great! Let’s begin 😀


1st #EngPic: Ross and Rachel with the stuffed T-Rex!


Q1. In the picture, what’s referred as ‘stuffed’ and why is it called so?

Q2. Why would Ross force the T-Rex to Emma?

2nd #EngPic: Joey and Ross having a conversation


Q3. Wow “Friend Zone” term has been used in this series, what does it actually mean?

3rd #EngPic: Chandler and Monica’s wedding day

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haah… postingan ini.. sudah 2 atau 3 kali saya baca. awalnya karena berita yg sempat gempar di lingkungan kampus akhir tahun 2011, khusunya geologi. ada senior mereka yg meninggal karena kecelakaan helikopter saat kerja. Berhubung pacar saya juga dari fakultas teknik geologi, dan punya banyak teman geologi, beritanya bikin penasaran juga, sampai akhirnya… blog kak Christina ini banyak menjadi status BBM saat itu dan banyak dibaca sama anak-anak UNPAD. entah tanpa sadar saya yg mencari persamaan kisah, atau memang benar ada nya, beberapa aspek dikisah pacaran mereka mirip dengan pacaran saya.. terlepas dari itu semua, kisah ini bikin saya mikir setiap habis baca, seperti ada ikatan moral (dan tentunya emosional) hehe. berpikir ulang lagi tentang geologist ku itu, tentang hidup, mati, cinta, dan Tuhan pastinya.

trimakasih banyak ka Christina untuk mau berani menulis dan membagi cerita. selalu penasaran dengan kehidupan kaka sekarang… semoga segera menulis lagi 🙂


penyuka seni dan sastra

Christinamariapanjaitan's Blog

~ Geologist Never Die, They Just Get Stoned ~ 


“Yang, seru juga ya kalau cerita-cerita perjalanan dan manjat aku ditulis. Waw, keren!”

                                                 “Iya tuh, sayang banget kalau dipendem sendiri, kamu tulis lah, kamu buat blog aja..”

“Ah kamu mah, kan aku gak bisa nulis kaya kamu, aku gak ngerti caranya yang. Kamu aja deh yang nulis, aku yang ceritain, yah? yah?”

                                                   “Yaudah, tapi ceritanya dari mana kamu masih inget gak?”

“Waduh hehehe, dari mana yah yang, bingung aku mulainya…”



Siapa sangka sayang, akhirnya aku menulis juga. Menulis untuk kamu.

Mungkin aku tidak akan pernah tahu tentang perjalanan-perjalananmu. Sampai kamu pergi pun, kamu memilih untuk memanjat tebing itu dalam diam. Tebing tertinggi. Tebingmu yang paling sakral. Di mana hanya ada tebing, Tuhan dan kamu.

Ini lah sebuah kisah tentang kamu, tentang kita. Sepenggal perjalananmu yang singgah menghampiri pelataranku. Sesaat sebelum kamu pergi mendaki kedamaian yang abadi.

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The Influences of European Renaissance Drama in Elizabethan Drama

Elizabethan era refers to time around 1558-1603 in England with Queen Elizabeth as the first person. This era also well known as Renaissance era there and many developments happened in that time especially in literature. In this era, middle England had influenced by many things from Europe such as France, Spain, and Italy because the continent (Europe) was much greater than the island (England).  Elizabethan literature was the starting point for drama when it was considered as one of the genre besides narrative poetry and it produced such big names as Thomas Kyd, William Shakespeare, and Christopher Marlowe.

Drama was a low form of arts and popular entertainment before the Renaissance, but since the Elizabethan era, drama was used to spread the theology through the good characters within. This kind of drama already had approval from the Church. Another influence from European drama in Elizabethan drama was the type of the theatre. Before Renaissance, there was only traditional theatre, but then the commercial theatre appeared and changed the pattern of drama in England. The traditional theatre emerged and became popular among the society because of their needs in releasing stress after work. Meanwhile, Commercial theatre was a prototype of a modern business (company).

Materialism was developing back then in Elizabethan era, this is why the Patron appeared and Patron of theatre had high prestige together along with the increasing of bourgeois economics.

Survey of English Literature: Elizabethan-Victorian Period

Romantic era is a time when movement of intellectual and artistic was happened in the 18th century within Europe. It relates to histrionics, sculpture, fine arts, minstrelsy, and other kinds of art which were developed. The movement as I mentioned above is a form of disagreement against industrialization.

Romanticism’s characteristic is natural. The language in that era using daily language because it has no gap between the subject and object in conversation (it also refers to the literature work). The creation of it should be from “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings”[1]. It sets out the feeling, not the logic and different from the former era which is Neoclassicism. Daily life played a main role because it is essential, pure, and basic. Romantic is also identical with irrational, anti-industrialization, and non-sense. A lot of things refer to experience in the past because people in that time thought past equal to ideal.

The moment of French Revolution had connection with what was happened in Romantic era as external factor. Meanwhile, the changing of social, economics, science, and historical life affected it from the inside. Within the society, the cities were developing as those became the centre of economy and merchant, so many people moved from rural to downtown; then the bourgeois emerged. Read more