#EngPic #EngGame: “Friends” Series Quotes

FRIENDS forever !!!

@EnglishTips4U

Helluww fellas! How you doin’? Anyone know where that question phrase comes from? Hope you had a good Tuesday!

Oops, what I meant is what show usually use that question phrase hehe but you’re right @piintut it’s from “how are you doing?”

Yap it is from the -> @natweetalie: ‘Friends’ Series. 😀 Anyone familiar with the series?

So this evening admin will share some #EngPic#EngGame on quotes from ‘Friends’ 🙂 Are you all ready for it?

Great! Let’s begin 😀

QUESTIONS

1st #EngPic: Ross and Rachel with the stuffed T-Rex!

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Q1. In the picture, what’s referred as ‘stuffed’ and why is it called so?

Q2. Why would Ross force the T-Rex to Emma?

2nd #EngPic: Joey and Ross having a conversation

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Q3. Wow “Friend Zone” term has been used in this series, what does it actually mean?

3rd #EngPic: Chandler and Monica’s wedding day

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English Morphology (part III) : Compounding

The combination of lexical categories called compounding. It consists of nouns, adjectives, verbs, or prepositions. The morpheme which determines the category of the entire word is called the head.

Examples:

a)      Noun compounds

  • greenhouse
  • bluebird
  • fire engine
  • oil well

b)      Verb compounds

  • overlook
  • underestimate
  • dropkick
  • breakdance

c)      Adjective compounds

  • red hot
  • deep blue
  • sky blue
  • nation wide

Compound can be combined with other lexical categories to create larger compounds. The word formation processes responsible for derivation and compounding can interact with each other.

  • dog food box
  • baseball bat rack

Structure above is compounds formed from smaller compounds. Read more

English Morphology (part II) : Representing Word Structure

There are two things can describe the internal structure of words. The first one is the identification of each component morphemes and second is classification of these elements in terms of their contribution to the meaning and function of the larger word. The internal structure of simple and complex word contains of three basic terms which are root, base, and affixes.

Several people gave different meanings to each term, for instance, according to O’Grady, a root (or a base) carries the major component of the word’s meaning and belongs to a lexical category – noun (N), verb (V), adjective (A), or preposition (P). Meanwhile, Richards (1992) had a notion that a root is a morpheme which is the basic part of a word and which may, in many languages, occur on its own (e.g. English, man, hold, cold, rhythm). Root may be joined to other roots (e.g. manly, coldness) or combining forms (e.g. biorhythm),

On the other hand, an affix is a letter or sound, or group of letters or sounds (=a morpheme) which is added to a word, and which changes the meaning or function of the word. It is different from root; affixes do not belong to a lexical category and are always bound morphemes. read more

English Morphology (part I) : The Minimal Units of Meaning

The “Mophemes: The Minimal Units of Meaning” is an excerpt of An Introduction of Language, 2003, seventh edition. This chapter starts with a perception of word as the most basic unit of meaning. Then a pop-up question about part of words such prefix emerges. In the beginning, we can see an example from Lewis Carroll’s Through the Looking-Glass about prefix un- which means “not” and it explains that English has negative meaning from un- as prefix not suffix. Then there is phon as the following example that gives additional meaning to some words which is “pertaining to sound”.

Since “Morphology: The Words of Language” is the theme of this excerpt, we should know first that Morphology has its meaning. Etymologically, Morphology is divided into two morphemes which are morph + ology. The suffix means “science of” or “branch of knowledge concerning”. In conclusion, morphology means the study of the internal structure of words and of the rules by which words are formed. On the other hand, we get morpheme as the linguistic term for the most elemental unit of grammatical form. It is as a result of several distinctive meanings of some words.

A morpheme is the smallest unit of a word that cannot be analyzed further. Thus, a morpheme may be represented by a single sound, a single syllable, or two or three or four syllables.

Sound units combine to form morphemes, then combine into form words, finally combine into form phrases and sentences. This changes are caused by the decomposition of words into morphemes illustrates one of the fundamental properties of human language which is called discreteness.

BOUND AND FREE MORPHEMES

PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES

Knowledge of language especially knowledge of morphology in this case has two components that consist of knowledge of the individual morphemes and knowledge of the rules that combine them. There are free and bound morphemes, the first one is the particular morphemes which can stand alone, and the second one is the particular morphemes that must be attached to a host morpheme. Bound morphemes usually include the affixes that are divided into prefixes and suffixes. The first one is the morphemes that occur before other morphemes, for instance, un-(unfair, unusual), pre- (preschool, pre-paid), and bi- (bipolar, bicycle). As the contrary, suffixes is the morphemes that follow other morphemes (after), for instance, -ing (playing, wearing), -er (teacher, player), -ist (finalist, geologist), and –ly (nicely, freely).

INFIXES

There are morphemes inserted into other morphemes which are called infixes. One special thing about infixes in English is that one can only infix full word obscenities into another word, usually into adjectives or adverbs. The most well-known infix in America is the word fuckin’and its euphemisms, such as friggin, freakin, flippin, and fuggin. While in Britain, a common infix is bloody, an obscene term in British English and its euphemism, such as bloomin.

CIRCUMFIXES

In some languages, morphemes that are attached to another morpheme both initially and finally called circumfixes. In other times, it is called discontinuous morphemes. Below is an easy example of circumfixing in German.

Past Participle of regular verbs is formed by adding prefix ge- and suffix –t to the verb root.

Lieb “love” produces geliebt, “loved” (or “beloved”, when used as an adjective).

Chapter Report about English Morphology and Examples from All Cases

I.            INTRODUCTION

The study of morphology has been influenced by many groups of linguists, for example by the philologists of the nineteenth century, by the structuralists in the twentieth century, by the transformational grammarians in the second half of the twentieth century, and the linguists with other theoretical orientations as well. We know such name as Mc Carthy, Catamba, Victoria Fromkin, Laurie Bauer, and William O’Grady had made books about English morphology. As the result, many ideas come up and give various understanding about morphology itself. Advisable, a lot of different sources do not make such distortion to the reader; otherwise those will enrich their knowledge with coherent approach of morphology studies.

II.            ENGLISH MORPHOLOGY

Have you ever questioned about many words you see when you read books? How they emerge? What exactly word is? All of these questions have something to do with morphology, the study of words and their structure. It is well-established observation that words occur in different forms and in the nineteenth century the term ‘morphology’ was given to the study of this change in the forms of words. Etymologically, morphology refers to the study of shapes of words which relates to changes in meaning. Instead, the study also covers the collection of units which are used in changing the forms of words. Continue reading