Gabriele Gets Her Self-Authority Controlled by Other Man Characters in Thomas Mann’s Tristan

Tristan by Thomas Mann

Tristan by Thomas Mann is a descriptive novella where it begins the plot with description of the building (the setting) within first paragraph. The narrator is a third person point of view; it knows a lot of information about the character but from the length, details, and dictions of explanation narrator gives, we can see its act and side towards the characters. Narrator knows Spinell best, though the description of him is not good, but narrator can explain his thought and perception which other characters do not know. On the other side, the narrator has special attitude toward Gabriele as the main woman character. It gives good description which clearly explains the elegance yet delicateness of her.

In the first part of story, narrator explains about several minor characters. It is very details in appearance and the activities they usually do in Einfried, the sanitarium which does not like a place for people who get serious illness. It is more a place for high class society in Europe who wants to spend their time far away from the city. Read more

Death as an Unspoken Thing becomes the Main Issue in The Sisters by James Joyce

 

The Sisters

The Sisters first published in 1904 within Dubliners, and then James Joyce revised it ten years later. The book, Dubliners asserts the nationality of the author; and the story itself has a strong influence by the Irish. The Irish people in The Sister are depicted as religious citizens and really attached to the Catholic rules at that time. Since one of the main characters is a reverend, the setting, background, and the plot of the story follow the Catholicism. These things built the story and turned up some conflicts yet issues within.

This story uses first nameless person point of view in telling the plots. He has no direct relation with The Sisters which is the title. They both refer to Nannie and Eliza, the sisters of Father Flynn. The relation between ‘I’ and the sisters is bridged by the Father. He is perhaps one of Father Flynn’s student or maybe someone who studies to be a reverend. Read more

The Garden Party by Katherine Mansfield

The Garden Party

The Garden Party is a story of a family who held a party. As I can see from some passages which I explain later, class becomes a main topic here. Meanwhile, I cannot see clearly whether the Sheridans are upper or middle class, but in my opinion they are middle-class because of the worker father, ‘or shall I have to tell your father when he comes home tonight?’ The setting perhaps is in New Zealand. As written in the passage ‘Against the karakas, then the karaka-trees would be hidden’. It is endemic to New Zealand by Maori (wikipedia). Mansfield was born and brought up in New Zealand. The style of writing in The Garden Party uses past tense because the events are over and the narrator only re-tells it. The story is told by third person omniscient point of view. It knows what happened in everywhere, for example in every part of the house and in the lane. It also knows the character’s thoughts. For instance, it knows what Laura was thought as ‘How many men that she knew would have done such a thing? Oh, how extraordinarily nice workmen were, she thought.’

Laura appeared several times as she was the one who had responsibility in arranging the garden party. Laura’s idea, action, and perspective play an important role here. Through Laura I can see there is difference in some person. It was indicated from, ‘Laura upbringing made her wonders for a moment whether it was quite respectful of a workman to talk to her of bangs slap in the eye.’ And ‘something that was to be looped up or left to hang, of these absurd class distinctions.’ It was about her and the tallest workmen and I presume there was an attraction within. It began from her first sight of the workmen. ‘His smile was so easy, so friendly that Laura recovered. What nice eyes he had…’ and ‘Why couldn’t she have workmen for her friends rather that the silly boys she danced with… She would get on much better with men like these.’ Laura saw a new image of man; she compared the lower class man with her middle class fellow. She knew there are classes in life and disagreed with it ‘It’s all the fault, she decided… of these absurd class distinctions.’ Laura tried to break the rules and made a connection with the other class, such as regarding the four men as impressive worker, paying attention to them, and caring the neighbour outside the front gate, ‘When the Sheridans were little they were forbidden to set foot there… but since they were grown up, Laura and Laurie on their prowls sometimes walked through.’ Meanwhile, she didn’t really want to jump the bounds. When Laura and Laurie walked to the lane, ‘It was disgusting and sordid. They came out with a shudder.’ She felt sympathetic for the neighbour, ‘But it all seemed blurred, unreal, like a picture in the newspaper’ She finally visited the cottages to deliver her empathy but she felt not belong there, ‘It was a mistake to have come; she knew all along it was a mistake. Should she go back even now?’ There is a contradiction within herself as she was also clashing with her mom and Jose, ‘Again, how curious, she seemed to be different from them all’ and ‘Here she was going down the hill to somewhere where a man lay dead, and she couldn’t realize it… She had no room for anything else. How strange! …’

There was a gap between the big house of Sheridans and the little cottage, ‘True, they were far too near. They were the greatest possible eyesore, and they had no right to be in that neighbourhood at all’ (the cottage by the narrator). ‘They’d hear us, mother; they’re nearly neighbours!’ (the cottage by Laura). ‘The chap was married too. Lived just below in the lane’ (the cottage by Mr. Sheridan). I also see an obvious disparity between the big house of Sheridans and the little cottage as life and death. Life was represented by the garden party which were alive, beautiful morning, loud voices, laughter, couples strolling, flowers, happiness, tinkling spoons, kisses, ideal weather. Whereas death was represented by the little cottage which was gloomy, pale sky, poverty-stricken chimney, smoky and dark lane, sordid, disgusting, old, unreal. The moment when Laura stepped out of life (her house) and stepped into death (the cottage) was not easy. People stared at her because of her appearance and she realized it, that she was different. The time when Laura came into the bedroom to see the dead man is crucial. She saw a real body of death. ‘There lay a young man, fast asleep—sleeping so soundly, so deeply, that he was far, far away from them both. Oh, so remote, so peaceful. He was dreaming…. What did garden-parties and baskets and lace frocks matter to him? He was far from all those things. He was wonderful, beautiful. While they were laughing and while the band was playing, this marvel had come to the lane. Happy… happy… This is just as it should be. I am content. ’ Death suppose to be dreadful, but Laura used words ‘wonderful and beautiful’ to describe the dead man, ‘marvel’ to describe death. In contrast, ‘But all the same you had to cry … Laura gave a loud childish sob.’ This death was like an unexpected reality than what she had fancied before.

How the Sexuality is Presented to Assert the Different Signification of it in Three Short Stories through Comparison Study

Human as man and woman have a sexual urge to physically unite with the same sex, opposite sex, or either sex for releasing their desire which means ‘sense of lust (mid-14c)’ according to Online Etymology Dictionaries or ‘strong wish to have or to do something or want somebody or something very much’ according to Oxford Dictionary. This thing has something to do with sexuality, a thing that always relates to living things; as I looked up to Oxford Online Dictionary, it has three meanings

  1. [mass noun] Capacity for sexual feelings
  2. [count noun] a person’s sexual orientation or preference
  3. Sexual activity

Meanwhile, according to Oxford Dictionary, it means feelings and activities connected with a person’s sexual desires.

I choose three short stories consist of Graham Joyce’s ‘Pinkland’ which is about ethereal lovers described the relation of two main characters, Sammy and Nat, Poppy Z Brite’s ‘Enough Rope’ who told us about a girl who described herself as “a gay man that happens to have been born in a female body, and that’s the perspective I’m coming from.” (1998:18), and ‘Down the Clinical Disco’ by Fay Weldon which is about two person as true love for each other at Broadmoor to analyze the significance of sexuality throughout the stories.

Sexuality is understood differently among the three short stories and I use the comparison study in how the sexuality is presented to see the difference. In my opinion, the showing of sexuality in stories or sexuality as the theme produces sexual desire that later relates the main character with other characters also the sexuality with other things. Read more

Lorna Sage’s Bad Blood as Autobiography

I have read several books and I tend to prefer books about women or whose author is woman than other kinds of book. Bad blood is another woman autobiography which I have just read and I like it. The way the story was told in autobiography is interesting because it is real; there are photos in the book and it was so real that Lorna knew her family history from grandpa’s diary, a text which genuinely was written by grandpa, for purpose that I do not know. We also could know some histories in another place from biography, the writer is the author, and we can both know her /his activity and mind. I as the narrator am first person.

Lorna Sage

What unique about it for me is the central of the story is not Lorna. It is a chapter in Sage’s life about his grandfather and has something to do with her. I reckon that Lorna felt a strong bond between her and her grandpa because she resembled grandpa’s bad sides. On the other side, grandpa is the one who implanted her to like reading. This situation was represented by Lorna’s name which was chosen from blacked-out book by her grandpa.

Grandpa died when Lorna was nine. It such a short time but Lorna seemed so close with him. Her description about grandpa showed two sides. She named his mistakes in having another lover as original sin and called him “the old devil” (Sage, 2000:79), meanwhile she adored his good side in chapter six when grandpa died because of strokes.

I clearly see various marriage lives in Sage in different era. In a range of grandpa and grandma, Valma and her husband, Lorna and Victor. They all have different kind of family problem. Furthermore, the marriage life has relation with the women and children role in this story. Valma and Lorna as mother and daughter have different character. Lorna was a rebel and Valma was a kind of nice housewife; they have different kind of attitude and idea in handling problems. On the other hand, they have similarity; they both “the children of violenlty unhappy marriages” (Sage, 2000:127)

The conflicts in Sage family played the whole story. There are secrets everywhere. There seemed a continuous bitterness from grandpa’s era to Lorna’s era until Sharon was born and she broke the family pattern. I really like the final part when Lorna said, “it’s a good idea to settle for a few loose ends, because even if everything in your life is connected to everything else, that way madness lies”` (2000:281). I agree with her statement that sometime unfinished things, loose ends, and bad decisions make a good story.

Sexuality in Three Short Stories

Another three similar short stories for another week, sexuality or ‘kebirahian’ in Bahasa Indonesia, appears in the surface of each story. ‘Enough Rope’ by Poppy Z Brite is a story about a girl who described herself as “a gay man that happens to have been born in a female body, and that’s the perspective I’m coming from.” (Brite, 1998:18). This statement was told as ‘I’ is an adult writer, but she already noticed her dsyphoria since she was five, according to Brite (1998:17), “and the shock recognition that ran through me at the sight”, then at seven she dreamt about having a dick. It is such an early age for people who realize he/she don’t fit in their own body.  Becoming a man is important for ‘I’ because of the feeling that she never felt like a woman. In Enough Rope, ‘I’ was the narrator and the main character.

Ethereal Lovers described the relation between two characters in Graham Joyce’s ‘Pinkland’, which is Sammy and Nat. The story is told by the third person (omniscient).  There are parentheses to differentiate the conversation on the Net with the conversation in the real world. The characterization in this story slightly puzzling, Joyce described Sammy as a girl by the way she dressed, “Favouring a feminine, clinging satin skirt and wearing a nimbus of flowery perfume” (1997:31). In the other hand she used ‘he’ and ‘his’ for Sammy’s preposition in the end, “Sammy got up from his seat. He tried to offer a handshake”. (Joyce, 1997:43). Joyce characterised Nat in the same way. “The two had been ethereal lovers for almost six months before Nat admitted to Sammy she was a woman” (1997:28) this statement gave an idea that Nat is a woman in the real world who pretends to be a man in cyber. A different kind of Nat appeared in the end of story. When they both finally met, Sammy found out that Nat was a transvestite which shocked him very well.

X: A Fabulous Child’s Story by Lois Gould seems interesting because the idea of the story is not a judgment. It gives a different perspective about having a child and not to decide it is a girl or a boy. The plots flow smoothly following the growth of the child and happen naturally. There are always answers for every question which pop up within.

All of the short stories give different point of view of sexuality. They show what is usually not normal in society, that a man should like a woman and to do otherwise. Then what the impacts for them.

Madness in three short stories

Wrath becomes a major issue in these three stories. The main characters are all women of different ages. As we can see in ‘When I am Bad’, ‘I’ is a 10-years-old girl who suffered from some kind of mental disorder and used present tense in the way she told the story. In ‘Down the Clinical Disco’ by Fay Weldon the narrator is an adult and Linda is the naratee. ‘A Rose for Emily’ by William Faulkner is a story of Miss Emily Grierson which is told by third-person point of view.

Those women experienced different kind of anger. In the first story, the child sometimes became so bad and got bad attitudes. She is the one, who caused the resentment in the family, and as result her parents got angry too. So she is the cause and the receiver of the wrath. It was hard for her to control the anger within because of the sickness she had. We also hard to decide when she was angry and when she was fine because of all her deeds were happened unexpectedly. The father was an ill tempered, he often hit his wife and ‘I’ to wreak the anger. The family pretended to act normal so other people couldn’t notice the madness within.

Because of the affair between the mother and the husband in ‘Down the Clinical Disco’, the main character in this story became mad and did arson to show her bad feeling. The discourse in this story uses past tense. Supposedly, she already out of the Broadmoor with Eddie in some place and told the story to Linda. The madness of this woman caused by other people’s action and diverges from the former story. ‘I’ was fine until she had crummy times at work and home then she blew top. Impulse is a word that she gave to describe what she had done. We can see difference in the way the character had deal with their emotion. Instead of lying, ‘I’ in this story admitted that the arson was her mistake and not an accident. Therefore, she pleaded insane to avoid the Holloway as her barrister suggested.

It hardly to see what Emily did and felt in ‘A Rose for Emily’ because of her rarely action and words throughout the story. The depression began at the time her father died and she was left by Homer Barron. As the consequences, Emily refused to pay the tax; she put her father corpse in the house that made stink until committee persuaded her to bury him. In the end, we figure out that she also set Homer dead body within her house.

These stories show different kinds of human behaviour from negative sides. All the main characters have a deal with their unusual attitude, perhaps people call it madness. They equally effect bad things to other people surround them because of their ill mannered.

Inside and Outside Bodies: Daughter of the House by Michele Roberts

Here is another analysis by me and Faizal Anwar. We discussed about one of Michele Roberts’s work which is Daughter of the House.

Daughters of the House

We looked up at Oxford Dictionaries and found three meanings of body that describe our perception about body related to Therese and Leonie in ‘Daughter of the House’. First, body as a noun means the physical structure, including the bones, flesh, and organs of a person or an animal. Second, (the body of) body means the main or central part of something, especially a building or text. Third, [mass noun] body means the physical and mortal aspect of a person as opposed to the soul or spirit. In our opinion, these meanings have something to do with both daughters and their relation to each other also to the house.

Physically, there are many kind of women body and it is different from men; the kinds of shape, the sexuality organs, and the phases of the body changing. There are also many parts of women’s body becomes a benefit as their shield or attractive devices which were explained in ‘Daughter of the House’. In Leonie’s case her body is the physical structure; she wants to show her body identity from what other people can see.

Meanwhile, Therese’s body related to her soul, perhaps it is matter because Therese only wants to show her purity through the body in serving for God. The third meaning of body said that it opposed to the soul or spirit, but Therese’s body is her soul.

Both daughters as two different woman and have their own bodies is a single body within the house. They are the body of the house and the body of the text because they are the central part of the story and each thing which was described in every chapter has something to do with them. However, ‘The Words’ becomes the title of last chapter, whereas, the other titles of the chapter are inanimate objects. Word is Logos in Greek which also relates to reason, idea, ratio and those seem to be men’s body (means that words are their authority), meanwhile body as the physical and the soul are belong to women. By means of the using of ‘The Words’ as the last chapter, the women of this story take control of men’s body. They also have the authority of word and speaking.

We saw Therese’s body and Leonie’s body complete each other as the body and the soul. It becomes a complete unity. Perhaps this is why they see their reflection in each other.

Bad Blood by Lorna Sage

Bad Blood

These are responses from me and Iffah Adilah about Sage’s Bad Blood:

  •  How the grandfather’s diaries function as memory works in Bad Blood? [structure]

We knew that Sage used her grandfather’s diaries as the main source of this autobiography since the end of third chapter in part one. After she revealed the diaries, the story started telling grandpa’s secrets, including his sins. Sage brought up the memories by retelling what she read from the diaries. So the memory became vague because her grandpa’s life came into the part of her memory.

  •  What badblood refers to and what it signifies? [symbol]

In our opinion, badblood refers to the Grandpa because Grandpa had many affairs with other women during his lifetime which were called ‘sin’ by Sage. On the other hand, Sage also inherited the badblood because she “had acquired from Grandpa (badblood!) vanity, ambition and discontent along with literacy.” (Sage 2000:130). Blood is an inseparable thing from humankind and it shows the flow within self. As a reverend, Grandpa had done many bad things which shouldn’t be done by him. That is why badblood means howler and he bequathed it to his grandchild and not to his own daughter; because Sage was the only one in that family who had strong bond with him.

  • What ways badblood as the autobiography of Lorna Sage also writes the lives of others? [content]

Sage told her life in narrative which describes the situation of Hanmer at that time. in telling her own life, Sage put the interaction with other people in sufficient detail by telling the names, the places, and the condition. For example, in the beginning Lorna Sage told about her childhood in Hanmer. At this time, she couldn’t avoid to tell about the old Hanmer including the place and society. In the next passage she also couldn’t avoid to tell his grandpa’s lifetime as the autobiography itself consits part of it.

The Influences of European Renaissance Drama in Elizabethan Drama

Elizabethan era refers to time around 1558-1603 in England with Queen Elizabeth as the first person. This era also well known as Renaissance era there and many developments happened in that time especially in literature. In this era, middle England had influenced by many things from Europe such as France, Spain, and Italy because the continent (Europe) was much greater than the island (England).  Elizabethan literature was the starting point for drama when it was considered as one of the genre besides narrative poetry and it produced such big names as Thomas Kyd, William Shakespeare, and Christopher Marlowe.

Drama was a low form of arts and popular entertainment before the Renaissance, but since the Elizabethan era, drama was used to spread the theology through the good characters within. This kind of drama already had approval from the Church. Another influence from European drama in Elizabethan drama was the type of the theatre. Before Renaissance, there was only traditional theatre, but then the commercial theatre appeared and changed the pattern of drama in England. The traditional theatre emerged and became popular among the society because of their needs in releasing stress after work. Meanwhile, Commercial theatre was a prototype of a modern business (company).

Materialism was developing back then in Elizabethan era, this is why the Patron appeared and Patron of theatre had high prestige together along with the increasing of bourgeois economics.

Survey of English Literature: Elizabethan-Victorian Period

Romantic era is a time when movement of intellectual and artistic was happened in the 18th century within Europe. It relates to histrionics, sculpture, fine arts, minstrelsy, and other kinds of art which were developed. The movement as I mentioned above is a form of disagreement against industrialization.

Romanticism’s characteristic is natural. The language in that era using daily language because it has no gap between the subject and object in conversation (it also refers to the literature work). The creation of it should be from “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings”[1]. It sets out the feeling, not the logic and different from the former era which is Neoclassicism. Daily life played a main role because it is essential, pure, and basic. Romantic is also identical with irrational, anti-industrialization, and non-sense. A lot of things refer to experience in the past because people in that time thought past equal to ideal.

The moment of French Revolution had connection with what was happened in Romantic era as external factor. Meanwhile, the changing of social, economics, science, and historical life affected it from the inside. Within the society, the cities were developing as those became the centre of economy and merchant, so many people moved from rural to downtown; then the bourgeois emerged. Read more

Nursery Rhymes as a Remembrance of Childhood

Children in their childhood have something to do with rhyme as lullaby, song, or a-story-before-sleep. Rhyme seems ear-catchy on them and easy to remember; they like to recite catchy rhymes and listen to bouncy rhythms. First time knowing what nursery rhymes is, maybe we connect it with poetry. Poetry itself has many different types. Rhymes and verse are two of them and it will be explained because their presence in children poetry. According to its meaning by Oxford Online Dictionaries,

  • Poetry means ‘literary work in which the expression of feelings and ideas is given intensity by the use of distinctive style and rhythm; poems collectively or as a genre of literature’

As we can see, there is a relation between poetry and rhythms which relates to rhymes also and if we detail the term and meaning of rhymes, then we will find the bridge which relates nursery rhymes, verse, and poetry. According to Online Etymology Dictionary,

  • Rhyme =              “agreement in terminal sounds,” 1560s, partially restored spelling
  • Later “rhymed verse”
  • Earlier *ritme, from Latin rithmus, from Greek rhythmos “measured motion, time, proportion”

As it is said above, rhymes are easy to remember, especially for children. It is because rhymes have the repetition of the similar sound at the end of two or more words most at the ends of lines. Therefore it is often used in nursery rhymes besides this kind of technique develops children’s skill in vocabulary, memorizing, spelling, listening, also learning some morals. Yet it helps children to understand how the language works and sounds.  In addition, nursery rhyme is hereditary creations. When mothers lullaby or tell it to their children perhaps they got it from their parents too and next time we will continue to pass it to our next generation. Henry Bett said that nursery rhymes “… date from prehistoric times, and have spread over the world with the migrations of races and the forgotten commerce of many thousands of years”. (Bett, 1968). Therefore, different country has different language then makes different culture finally produces different nursery rhymes. Continue reading

An Indian’s Looking Glass for the White Man (William Apess)

The concept of equality of all people under God appeared in the first paragraph. The issue here is between the natives and the foreigners. Doesn’t look the same but feel the same and want the sameness, “God who is the maker and preserver both of the white man and the Indian, whose abilities are the same, and who are to be judged by one God, who will show no favour to outward appearances, but will judge righteousness.”. Within the Indian, some of them had been civilized and some more in the reservations had different idea about their selves. So, there was degradation among them and with the whites.

William Apess

Women and children are the example of the bad effects from this case, “… as they wandered from one hut to the other they would view with the females who are left alone, children half starved, and some almost as naked as they came into the world.”. Many of them were left because the men were gone. Perhaps it was women’s own pretension to stay because they thought they had to stay and the outward world only for men. For the land, people did no action to work on it. The land seemed The Eden which can fulfil their need with no reaction in return, “Their land is in common stock, and they have nothing to make them enterprising”; they shouldn’t take care of their self and of the land because the universe did. But some people didn’t enjoy the Eden; they went out in their own will or accidentally and received education. “I mean here amongst those who are civilized. It may be that many are ignorant of the situation of many of my brethren within the limits of New England”. This is a way to see their selves from different perception. Then came the alcohol, as the main suspect of murdered among red and white men, “… and to be destroyed by that burning, fiery curse that has swept millions, both of red and white men, into the grave with sorrow and disgrace— Rum”. The rum had something to do with the behaviour of the people, it gave a bad temper.

White did all bad things to the red an all coloured people. They robbed other nation, treated the women and children inhumanely and drove the men, “Can you charge the Indians with robbing a nation almost of their whole Continent, and murdering their women and children, and then depriving the remainder of their lawful rights that nature and God require them to have?” The coloured didn’t do that things but judged the white, “Now suppose these skins were put together, and each skin had its national crimes written upon it—which skin do you think would have the greatest?… and I know that when I cast my eye upon that white skin, and if I saw those crimes written upon in it, I should enter my protest against it immediately, and cleave to that which is more honourable.”. There is sameness here, all have known the Love Law in Bible and none did it.

Iroquios or Confederacy of the Five Nations

Five Nations

Five Nations

Iroquios consists of five nations; there are Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and Seneca Indians. The only thing that differentiates them is the tongue, in other word, the language. It was all began when the projector of the alliance, Daganowedah, wanted to explain his plan to the councils then he heard his daughter died. Everytime he tried to explain his plan of Union, no one seemed to understand what he talked about. Then he started to find a way in making everyone understood. ‘Daganowedah, the projector of the plan of alliance, being provoked at their dullness of comprehension, which resulted more from their ignorance of civil matters than dullness of comprehension, arose in the night and travelled towards the east.’

The different languages became a problem when the people of each nation hard to understand Daganowedah’s plan which in order discussed about transacting civil matters. ‘that he had conceived a noble plan of alliance, but had not found a nation wise enough to comprehend its benefits, and thus he had travelled and should continue so to travel until he found support ’. This plan itself is a start of the tribes adapted into government style. It contains of democracy, civil and legislative power, civil sachems, military, and organization. In my opinion, Daganowedah had a sight that Indian should understand about government thing in purpose they would be more accepted among other nation. A strong reliance in tradition made it hard to shape a new mindset of the councils, and also the difference tongue.

The Wife of Bath’s Tale

The Wife of Bath

Canterbury Tales adalah sekumpulan cerita yang ditulis oleh Geoffrey Chaucer pada akhir abad ke 14 dalam Middle English. Canterbury tales dibuka dengan cerita setiap pilgrim yang memulai perjalanan mereka ke Canterbury, ke tempat suci dari Thomas Becket. Mereka memutuskan untuk bercerita untuk mengisi waktu saat berkumpul di Tabard Inn. Tuan rumah dari Tabard Inn mengatur peraturan untuk ceritanya. Setiap pilgrim akan bercerita dua kisah dalam perjalanan menuju Canterbury dan dua lagi saat kembali. Tuan rumah juga akan memutuskan siapa yang terbaik dan sang ksatria mendapat kehormatan untuk memulai cerita.

Salah satu dari para pilgrim adalah The Wife of Bath. Sang istri ini memulai ceritanya dengan distertasi yang panjang mengenai pernikahan, dan ia menceritakan tentang pernikahannya dengan lima suaminya. Tiga suami pertamanya adalah lelaki-lelaki tua yang akan ia paksa meyediakan semua kebutuhannya, juga menggunakan cara menolak untuk bercinta ataupun dengan rasa bersalah. Dua suami terkahirnya lebih muda dan lebih susah untuk dikendalikan. Suami terakhirnya adalah Jankin, berusia 20 tahun, setengah dari sang istri. Jankin agak menyusahkan karena ia menolak untuk didominasi oleh istrinya dan sering membaca kesusastraan tentang wanita yang bersikap tunduk.

Suatu saat ketika sang istri merobek salah satu buku Jankin, Jankin memukulnya dan mengakibatkan sang istri tuli pada salah satu telinganya. Bagaimanapun, Jankin amat sangat merasa bersalah karena kejadian tersebut. Setelah kejadian itu, Jankin menjadi sangat tunduk kepada sang istri dan mereka hidup bahagia.

Kisah sang istri sendiri, yang ia ceritakan di Tanbard Inn, berisi tentang dinamika pernikahan. Kisah ini dimulai pada jaman kerajaan Raja Arthur, beliau mempunyai seorang ksatria yang akan dihukum mati karena memperkosa seorang wanita muda. Ia bertahan karena sang ratu. Beliau akan membebaskan ksatria asalkan ia dapat menjawab pertanyaan ratu mengenai apa yang diingini oleh para wanita. Ksatria tidak dapat memberi jawaban yang memuaskan hingga suatu waktu ia bertemu seorang wanita tua yang berjanji akan dapat memberi jawaban akan pertanyaan sang ratu dengan syarat ksatria harus menikah dengannya. Ksatria setuju dan akhirnya mendapat pembebasan dari hukuman setelah menjawab bahwa para wanita ingin kedaulatan atas suami mereka. Bagaimanapun juga, ksatria tidak puas dan kesal karena harus menikah dengan seorang wanita tua yang buruk rupa. Oleh karena itu si wanita tua berkata, ksatria boleh memilih mau menikahinya sebagai wanita tua yang buruk rupa tapi tunduk pada suami atau dia sebagai wanita muda yang cantik tapi berkuasa dan dominan. Akhirnya ksatria memilih menikahinya sebagai wanita muda, dan walaupun sang wanita mempunyai wewenang lebih dalam pernikahan mereka, tetapi pada akhirnya mereka berdua hidup bahagia.